C LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
The “C” Language is currently one of the most widely used programming languages. Designed as a tool for creating operating systems (with its help the first Unix systems were constructed) it quickly proved that it is suitable wherever you need high performance, speed, compactness and portability. Despite the fact that shortly after its release it was followed by a worthy descendant, the C + + language, it did not lose its importance and it still remains an essential tool for developers and designers in many applications. Wherever a code strongly associated with the operations of equipment is created, the C language proves its flexibility and adaptability. Network cards drivers, graphics cards software, operating systems, microcontrollers, which can be found everywhere around you, on your desk and in your car, in the kitchen and in the garage, simply everywhere where intelligent electronics works you are sure to find the effects of work of programmers who write in “C”. The heart of Linux is nearly 15 million lines of code in “C”. What better proof of the language longevity.
Even in places where modern software with much more powerful abilities works, the C language was, is and will be present because it is the language in which runtimes (runtime environments) are written, responsible for performance, economical memory usage and reliability. The “C” language niche extends from single-chip microcomputers controlling your coffee machine, to your laptop onto which you have just installed the latest graphics card drivers, to supercomputers that forecast the weather for your desired holiday.
The “C” language is not planning on growing old. New standards are still being created, and the language itself changes according to how the hardware develops and how its usage possibilities change.
INTRODUCTION TO C LANGUAGE
>> Data Types and Variables
>> Input /Output Management
>> Control-flow Statements
>> Modular Programming with Functions
>> Arrays & Pointers
>>Structures and Dynamic Memory Allocation
>>The Preprocessor and Multiple-file Compilation
>>The case Control Structure
C++ is a general-purpose programming language designed by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension to the C language with object-oriented data abstraction mechanisms and strong static type safety. Compliance with the C language at the level of source code remains one of the primary design goals of subsequent language standards.
Since 1998 the ISO / IEC 14882:1998 standard (Standard for the C + + Programming Language) with minor amendments approved in 2003 (ISO / IEC 14882:2003) remains applicable. In 2009 a new standard was announced (known as C++0x), which came into effect as of 12 August 2011.
It is a highly developed programming language in terms of operators, simplicity, and the ease of notation. This allows for data abstraction and the use of several programming paradigms: procedural, object-oriented and generic. It is characterized by high performance of the object code, direct access to hardware resources and system functions, ease of creation and use of libraries (written in C++, C, or other languages), independence of a specific hardware or system platform (which ensures high portability of source codes) and a small execution environment. The main areas of ââits application are applications and operating systems.
The C and C++ programming languages are now among the most popular languages used for creating all kinds of software. TIOBE specializes in assessing and tracking the quality of software. The company also carries out a continuous popularity ranking of programming languages, available here. To the surprise of many, the C language is often the most popular programming language, even ahead of JAVA. One may certainly observe a slight dip of C++ from the third position to the fourth.
>> Functions and Variables
>> Classes in C++
>> Operator Overloading
>> Initialization and Assignment
>> Storage Management
>> Inheritance Polymorphism Input and Output in C++ Programs
>> Exceptions Templates Advanced Featured
>> Miscellaneous Class Issues
>> SOFTWARE TESTING
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